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Create a title for your study that is representative of the subject or topic (i.e., title is often a derivative of the research question or the research question itself; see examples of students’ thesis papers/ARPs posted in course).
Reiterate your proposed area of study including your problem statement, rationale your research question, and your significance statement from week 1 (Revised). In addition, include the following essential specifics; review examples posted to get an idea of the detail needed for these elements:
Setting or site where study will be undertaken
The participants or population (age, range, gender, students, teachers, colleagues, etc.)
Support your chosen area of focus (problem statement and research questions) using the  three sources from the week 1 paper and three additional sources (these should be peer-reviewed articles) which will serve as the basis of your literature review (Chapter Two)Running Head: HOW TO IMPROVE TEACHERS’ COMPENSATION PLAN
How To Improve Teachers’ Compensation Plan
Institution affiliate:
One of the key challenges that are facing the education sector is low teacher salaries. In
the education field, teachers are subjected to uneven and intense wages. Despite the low wages,
there is a strict hiring procedure. According to research, teachers earn less than they used to earn
a decade ago. In the modern day, there is inflation; hence the cost of living is very high. Due to
the high cost of living, life has become unbearable for teachers. However, they offer the essential
services that are required in society. Low salaries affect how teachers offer their services to their
students. Due to poor compensation, teachers become less motivated and offer poor education,
affecting the learners’ performance. Due to poor compensation, the field cannot attract the most
skilled teachers. This has led to teacher shortages in most parts of the globe. Therefore, there is a
need to address the teacher shortage issue globally. The research aims to provide an
improvement plan to increase teachers’ salaries and compensation plans.
Area of Study
In the period between 2018 and 2019, teachers in multiple states held protests regarding
the issue of teacher pay. In most districts, teachers are compensated based on their education
level and how long they have been in the industry. This system has received criticism from
numerous people in the industry. Most people argue it’s unfair to compensate people who have
been top performers the same amount as mediocre teachers. The attempts to differentiate
compensation plans based on performance-based incentives have met strong criticism. People
argue that it’s unfair to pay teachers based on the student’s performance since many other factors
may affect a student’s performance outside the classroom. Their home environments and health
may also affect the student’s performance. There has not yet been a proper compensation plan
that has been suggested that will ensure that teachers are well compensated. Teachers often use
their money to buy things required to teach in the classroom. The public also feels that teachers
are underpaid. Most feel that these affect the morale of teachers. It has also reduced the number
of people interested in the teaching industry. The area of study in this research is the United
States. The research will develop compensation plans that can be used to help teachers grow.
Research questions
How to build a professional culture in the education industry?
How to ensure that teachers are properly compensated?
Research participants
To address the issue of teachers, pay, the research will conduct a survey and interviews to
gather the necessary data. The research will be conducted in various districts across various
states. The participants will be from different age groups. The research will also have both male
and female participants. There will be three categories of participants: policymakers, teachers,
and the larger public. Policymakers must make policies that help govern the education industry.
They are people who help develop budgets and ensure that schools operate smoothly. They will
be selected from different districts with different teacher compensation plans. Teachers will also
be selected from different schools. The schools should include the top performers and those
whose performance doesn’t meet society’s expectations (“Teacher salaries are low and there is
scope for improving quality assurance,” 2016, p.36). lastly, the public will also be involved in
the research. They will be selected using a random procedure. The public will be from diverse
age groups and states. The participants will also be from different races and religions. This will
help collect data that can aid the research.
The issue of teacher compensation is a high-interest issue. The majority of people argue
that teachers are compensated very little money. Others argue that teachers are paid a lot of
money. In the modern day, numerous efforts exist to ensure that teachers are compensated
enough money (Gay et al., 2021, p. 24). This is essential since it ensures that the teaching
industry retains some of the best-skilled staff. It also ensures that they attract the best talents in
the market and set standards high for society. However, there has been a challenge in how to
ensure teachers get better pay. The main challenges are that most people don’t like how the
modern-day teacher is paid. They are reluctant, and they don’t like the current pay structure.
Most Districts use only one salary schedule to determine how to pay their teachers. Researchers
have suggested that they should have diverse salary schedules to determine how much teachers
are paid. For example, a teacher’s salary can be determined by the university degrees they have,
experience levels they have, education units that they teach, and the performance of the students
that they teach. However, despite pushing for such a system, these efforts have either been shortlived or ineffective. Due to these reasons, the compensation plans used for teachers are similar to
what they used to be. In some cases, they are even worse than they used to be decades ago.
To ensure that the country achieves its dream of standard education reform, it’s important
to look at how teachers are compensated. To ensure that one understands why there is a need for
improvement, one must first understand how the modern-day teacher is compensated. The
current payment procedure is based on a teacher’s years of experience and education level. This
payment procedure was first initiated in the 1920s and 1930s. These payment procedures have
not changed much in the course of the period. In the 1990s, the payment of teachers took a turn
for the worse. This was the period when the country needed better teachers because of the market
demands. Currently, most teachers are public servants. The local institution boards set the
salaries based on the state-guaranteed minimums. This means that teachers are some of the
worst-paid workers in the country.
Teachers’ salaries are minimal, yet they are some of the most valuable members of
society. They help produce talented and skilled individuals that can help improve society.
Teachers also spend a lot of time calling parents and informing them about their children’s
progress. They must create lesson and grade plans and engage in extra activities with students.
They should also handle all the difficulties that the students face. Society can’t exist without
teachers. If teachers received better compensation, the number of individuals who want to pursue
teaching would increase. Low salaries have led to a high teacher turnover rate. Most teachers
don’t want to remain in the profession anymore. This has led to poor academic performance and
increased the number of dropout rates in society. This is a widespread problem in most societies.
There is a need for teachers to be compensated more to reduce this challenge.
Policymakers need to consider increasing teachers’ salaries and adopting better
compensation plans. By improving the salaries that teachers get, teachers will have better morale.
The profession will also attract some of the best people in society. Low salaries have become a
huge challenge in the education field. Currently, there is a teacher shortage. The field needs more
teachers. The teachers who are present are not only overworked but also compensated poorly.
Society members no longer want to be teachers since teachers are some of the poorest people in
society (O’Brien, 2017, p. 25). The salary earned by teachers cannot meet their basic needs. If the
problems are not addressed now, they might get worse with time. People will opt to be engineers
and IT experts rather than the teaching profession.
In conclusion, one of the major challenges facing the education sector is poor salaries. In
this field, most teachers are paid below their minimum wage. They are not able to meet the basic
needs of their families. Most people don’t desire to be in the education field. Low salaries have
reduced the motivation of teachers. This challenge is likely to cause major challenges in society.
It’s likely to cause poor performance among students, depression among teachers, an increase in
the number of dropouts, and an increase in the number of crimes. To prevent this, the research
aims to develop an improvement plan.
Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian, P. W. (2021). Educational Research: Competencies for
Analysis and Applications. Pearson Education.
O’Brien, M. (2017). High dignity and low salaries. The Fourth
Estate. https://doi.org/10.7228/manchester/9780719096136.003.0003
Teacher salaries are low, and there is scope for improving quality assurance. (2016). OECD
Economic Surveys: Lithuania.
Data-Based Improvement Plan Project- Low Teacher Salary
Devona Georgia-House
Keiser University
RSM 551 G3-Action Research I
Dr. Fuda Daddio
Action Research Project looks at Teacher Burnout and the Factors that Lead
Burnout among teachers is a growing epidemic across the country. Teachers are faced
with challenges which impedes their ability to be reactive in their educational settings, thus
exacerbating all of the dynamics which contribute to burnout. Teachers are experiencing burnout
due to other variables which are connected to the lower salaries, behavioral issues, and support
from administrators (Miles & Katz, 2018). All these factors are key in identifying the nuisances
of addressing the issues faced by our dedicated educators in all sectors of this industry.
Currently, educators across the globe are earning less than they used to earn a decade ago and
with this the educational foundation and fabric has changed immensely, given all of the factors
which contributes to burnout and teacher Dissatisfaction (Gay and Mills, 2021). As history
provides teachers have been devalued for decades and in this devaluing they have suffered the
most in not being able to cope with the changing dynamics and platforms of our current
education system.
First, with the current inflation, life has become unbearable for educators, yet they offer
society’s most essential services. Low teacher salaries negatively impact the quality of services
that educators give to learners. Low salaries make teachers less motivated, making them offer
poor education, significantly affecting learners’ performance. Also, low salaries make careers
unattractive, resulting in teacher shortages across the globe. Thus, the issue of low teacher
salaries needs an immediate response. According to Katz et al. (2018), the issue of low teacher
salaries in the United States is critical since the wages that educators in different states earn
cannot cater to their basic family needs. Teachers’ salaries have remained constant since the
1990s, despite the increase in the cost of living over the years (Miles & Katz, 2018). Otherwise,
there will be a complete shortage of teachers in the future, and learners’ performance will drop
significantly, affecting nations. Most individuals are unaware of how education is intertwined
with teacher salaries, and the adverse impacts teachers’ underpayment can have on the worldwide
education system (Craig, 2009). They need to realize that if teachers are underpaid, they will be
more motivated to teach and thus offer low-quality services. Low-quality education services, in
turn, negatively impact learners’ performance hence affecting the overall education system.
Therefore, more research needs to be conducted so that the general public can see the intensity of
this problem and push the relevant stakeholders to address it accordingly. Therefore, burnout
among teachers has a direct correlation to salary. This has been addressed by the Department of
Education; however, there are still loopholes in adequate remedies that would make teaching a
more attractive profession (Gay and Mills, 2021). Although the issue of low teacher salaries has
been addressed and researched, more research needs to be conducted and awareness created to
educate people on the adverse impacts of this problem on our global education system.
Compared to other graduates with similar education qualifications, teachers are in the lowest
income earning groups. Teachers under earn their fellow with equivalent education qualifications
by 17%, which is undesirable (Katz et al., 2018). This has thus made the career unattractive,
resulting in low enrollment in student-teacher courses and a shortage of teachers in various states
in the US. States have been forced to hire teachers without basic qualifications since the qualified
ones are unwilling to accept the low salaries in the profession. This depicts how low salaries are
a significant issue in education.
Second, the nuisances of adverse behavior display, bullying, gun violence and other types
of ills which contribute to student-teacher relations, has been a deterrent to teachers finding the
profession attractive. According to Craig, teachers today has to come up with individualized
approaches and service plans in order to assist and migrate through their assigned cohorts (2009).
They have to wear the hat of disciplinary component on the first response end, then they too have
to then engage the students with curriculum. The teacher also most often act as the caring
component as the student may lack the nurturing element in the home environment. These
factors can contribute heavily to why teachers are burned out (Xuehui, 2018, p. 110). Education
is the backbone of a society, and educators are behind this backbone. Through education, people
gain knowledge and relevant skills to help improve their lifestyles. Through education, people
learn how to establish good relationships with each other and improve their lives, transforming
their community, country, and the world in general. Teachers are education facilitators; thus, if
not well handled, the education system will be messed up, affecting the global society. Most
individuals are unaware of how education is intertwined with teacher salaries, and the adverse
impacts teachers’ underpayment can have on the worldwide education system.
Third, supportive services for teachers are lacking in that teachers most often form their
own support networks within the systems they work. Supportive services could include, teacher
respite, teacher incentives for attendance, psychological supports for teacher venting, stress
management activities at least once a month, and possibly an administrator who provides
emergency intervention, when a teacher has reached a boiling point of no return. This
intervention could be team-teaching (other teachers or with volunteers or student-student
mentoring (where a student with all the desirable attributes be peered with a student who may be
struggling with some elements and the modeling concept, helps to reshape and redefine their
thought and behavioral patterns). Compared to other graduates with similar education
qualifications, teachers are in the lowest income earning groups (“Publisher Manual,” n.d).
In conclusion, considerably, China’s education system is facing the problem of the
unavailability of qualified teachers, which stems from low teacher salaries. Xuehui (2018)
explains that teacher salary is crucial to training, attracting, and retaining high-quality teachers
and impacts overall education in a country. In China, teachers in urban schools receive higher
compensation than rural teachers. This has led to the unavailability of quality teachers in rural
schools, and this significantly affects the quality of education that learners in those schools
receive. This depicts how serious the issue of teachers’ underpayment is and that it requires
immediate attention, or else the future of the education system will be messed up. Governments
need to pay attention to the issue of teachers’ salaries. By increasing teachers’ salaries,
governments will help boost the morale of teachers and attract qualified teachers, positively
impacting the education sector. Low teacher salaries have become a severe problem in the
education sector, and its impacts are deeply felt. It has contributed to teacher shortages, and
people are no longer interested in the career. Today, it has become difficult to convince someone
to take a teaching course in college as nobody wants to earn a salary not able to cater to their
basic needs (Miles & Katz, 2018). Teacher shortage due to low wages is high in the US and other
countries, including China. It is a severe problem that might become worse than people think if
not addressed immediately. Low teacher salary is a serious menace in the education field. Most
teachers are paid below the minimum wage rate, so they cannot cater to their family needs. This
has made the teaching profession undesirable, and many teachers are leaving their careers to try
their luck with other things. Also, low salaries have lowered teachers’ morale, making them offer
low-quality education services, and negatively affecting learners’ performance. Researchers use
interviews and observation methods to collect data on this issue. They interview teachers on their
views and attitudes towards teacher salaries. They also observe teachers’ attitudes while teaching
to establish on the impacts of teacher salary on teachers’ morale. The behavioral adversities we
see in the school system, also acts as a direct factor to the teacher burnout and how it is
impacting the shortage of qualified education professionals. The lack of supportive services to
retain, maintain and keep those teachers who are trying to cope with the changing dynamics of
how the education is seen today continues to be an ever-changing dynamic which needs further
investigation, exploration and intervention. The elements discussed in this paper are some of the
key factors as to why teacher burnout is and will remain a phenomenon, if not taken seriously by
the Department of Education from a systemic approach.
Craig, D. (2009). Action Research Essentials. Wiley & Sons ISBN: 9780470189290 Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association. 7th Edition. American Psychological
Association ISBN: 9781433832161
Gay, L. R., & Mills, G. E. (2021). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and
Applications, 12th edition. Pearson ISBN: 978-0-13-233877-6
Katz, N., Apfelbaum, K. W., Frank, S., & Miles, K. H. (2018). Low teacher salaries 101. Education
Resource Strategies.
Miles, K. H., & Katz, N. (2018). Teacher salaries: A critical equity issue. State Education
Standard, 18(3), 18.
Xuehui, A. (2018). Teacher salaries and the shortage of high-quality teachers in China’s rural
primary and secondary schools. Chinese Education & Society, 51(2), 103-116.
Keiser University
Course Syllabus
Course Prefix &
Course Title
Credit Hours
Course Description
RSM 551
Decision Oriented Educational Research
3.0 semester credits
The purpose and role of the research experience is studied.
The research process, sampling strategies, and ethics are
considered. Designs studied are: non-experimental, preexperimental, true-experimental, quasi-experimental, single
subject, and qualitative.
Title: Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications, 12th edition
Author: Gay & Mills (2021)
Publisher: Pearson
ISBN: 978-0-13-233877-6
Title: Action Research Essentials
Author: Craig, D. (2009)
Publisher: Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470189290
Title: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition
Author: N/A
Publisher: American Psychological Association
ISBN: 9781433832161
Page 1

Demonstrate theory-based and practical leadership in career college administration
and other educational fields.
Incorporate critical thinking, scholarly writing, research, and technology in practice.
Design and assess curriculum, instruction, and programs
Direct educational operations including marketing, financial management, outcomes
improvements, campus operations, student services, personnel recruitment and
development, and enrollment management.
Exhibit competency in professional practices including ethics, diversity, legal issues,
and communication with all educational stakeholders.
Demonstrate professional communication skills in writing through organizing,
thinking critically, and communicating ideas and information in documents and

GS-MSE-LO2.1 – Demonstrate comprehensive professional knowledge and
application of research methods.
GS-MSE-LO6.1 – Communicate clearly and logically through written communication
and scholarly publication.
GS-MSE-LO6.2 – Incorporates APA professional writing skills and standards
including concise organization, grammar, references, and citations
GS-MSE-LO6.3 – Demonstrates evidence of higher level thinking skills including
application, analysis, making predictions, drawing inferences, cause and effect
relationships, comparing and contrasting, evaluation, and synthesis.

Communicates clearly and logically through written communication and scholarly
Incorporates APA professional writing skills and standards including concise
organization, grammar, mechanics, and references.
Shows evidence of higher-level thinking skills including application, analysis, making
predictions, drawing inferences, cause and effect relationships, comparing and
contrasting, evaluation, and synthesis.

Explain the purpose, process, and role of research and data in decision making.
Explore and organize literature to present information about a problem in the field, in
the form of a literature review.
Explain and design data collection methods (both quantitative and qualitative).
Identify principles and practices in data collection, analysis, interpretation, and use of
Develop a research question or action plan appropriate for studying and/or
improving a problem.
Page 2

Consider the steps and details needed to complete a research or improvement plan
and design these steps into action items.
Apply ethical standards to a research proposal or improvement plan.
Less than 70%
Individual assignment grading rubrics and criteria will be provided through Blackboard.
Academic honesty in the advancement of knowledge requires that students respect the
integrity of one another’s work and recognize the importance of acknowledging and
safeguarding the validity of intellectual property.
Acquiring or Providing Information Dishonestly:
Attempting to communicate with other students in order to get help during an exam or
assignment where collaboration is not allowed; or allowing another person to do one’s
work and submitting it as one’s own.
Plagiarism is the deliberate or unintentional use of another’s words or ideas without
proper citation for which the student claims authorship. Keiser University understands
that in some cases students commit acts of plagiarism due to carelessness, ignorance,
inexperience and unfamiliarity with academic environment and APA standards, or a
general lack of understanding or knowledge of the concepts of academic integrity;
offenses of this type are characterized as level one. Offenses characterized by being
more serious in nature and affecting a larger portion of the work submitted are
considered level two offenses.
Fraudulent Behavior:
Allowing another student to participate in class assignments under your name and
submitting work under another student’s name constitute violations of academic
Fabrication of Information:
Falsifying or inventing any information, citation, or data; using improper methods of
collecting or generating data and presenting them as legitimate.
Page 3
Multiple Submissions:
Submitting the same work for credit in two different courses without the instructor’s
Facilitating Academic Dishonesty:
Aiding another person in an act that violates the standards of academic honesty;
allowing other students to look at one’s own work during an exam or in an assignment
where collaboration is not allowed.
Academic Integrity Violation:
• The student must revise and resubmit the assignment for a lower grade.
• The student is given an additional assignment.
• The student is required to take part in an ethics/academic integrity workshop.
• The first occurrence results in an automatic “F” for that assignment.
• The second occurrence results in an automatic “F” for the course.
• The third occurrence may result in an automatic dismissal from the University.

To avoid late penalty deductions, assignments should be submitted on or prior to the
due date. Any work a student submits after the due date is subject to a
corresponding point deduction. Work can only be accepted up to 7 days late unless
arrangements were made with the instructor.
For an extenuating circumstance, a student should not be penalized for late work,
but only if he/she contacts the instructor prior to the due date to discuss possible
options. When circumstances are beyond the control of the student, an alternate due
date will be set.
Note: All work must be submitted by the last day of the class.
Weeks Late
Up to 1 Up to 2 Up to 3 Up to 4
Total Point
More than

Make original post by Wednesday midnight EST: Original posts are expected to be
written in a scholarly fashion utilizing at least two scholarly sources to support.
Students must make a minimum of three substantive contributions to classmates
on two separate days of the discussion week. Responses are expected to be those
that add new sources, ask critical, open-ended questions and/or provide additional
examples demonstrating understanding, application, and sharing of suggestions.
Each learning week runs from Monday to Sunday. Contributions to the threads
should be made according to a schedule that allows for interaction with other
students and with the course professor.
Page 4

Credit for responses in threaded discussion may not be earned after the discussion
closes on Sunday midnight of the week assigned.
Posts are scored according to quality of content, written communication, and
meeting minimum compliance requirements.
There is a courtesy SafeAssign submission box for discussions.

Assignments–Unless otherwise specified, must be created in a Word file and
submitted as attachment, through SafeAssign, in the Weekly Assignment location.
You have three submission attempts for papers in SafeAssign.
Students should submit their draft word document to the draft SafeAssign early
enough to check the similarity report and fix the draft Word document if needed.
Then submit the final Word document to the written assignment link by Sunday
Assignments are expected to be supported with secondary research using
databases that contain peer-reviewed articles from major education and psychology
academic journals.
Assignments are expected to be related to real-world education issues.
Assignments are grades on demonstration of critical thinking through well-organized,
clear, concise documents utilizing APA standards for written work.
Format Category
Standard Details
Title Page
Font Style/Size
Page Numbers
Headings and Subheadings
2 options
Times New Roman 12-pt
One inch all around
Upper right-hand corner of each page
Levels 1-4 (Apply to Original
Response and all Written
Every reference needs at least one
citation in the body of the work
From major academic journals such
as those found in the KU Online
Library Databases (ProQuest,
EBSCOHost, etc.)
Matching References and
APA 7th
pp. 31-32
p. 44
p. 45
p. 44
p. 48
p. 257
The table below shows the readings/assignments due during the course. See the
Blackboard course for more details on each expectation below.
Page 5
Assignment Title
Choosing a problem in the field
Choosing data to solve a
The review of literature
Data collection and analysis
Data collection tools and analysis
Paper: Identifying the problem
Paper: Chapter 1 (ARP) OR
Data Collection Paper (DBP)
Paper: Literature Review
Paper: Chapter 3 (ARP) OR
Data Analysis (DBP)
Paper: Instrumentation (ARP)
OR Complete Data Analysis
Paper: IRB Application (ARP)
OR The Plan (DBP)
No Graded Written
Assignment- update/finish
Final ARP proposal OR DPB
Original Response and Replies
to Classmates
Ethical Decisions
Reflective decision making
The proposal
8 (2.5)
= 20

Seventy percent of course work must be completed before a student is eligible for an
incomplete. Students must request the incomplete before the last day of the class.
All course work, in the event an incomplete is awarded, must be completed within
four weeks.
The highest grade awarded if an incomplete is granted will be a B. If the student
does not complete outstanding work by the deadline, the grade assigned will be an F
or grade earned to date, whichever is higher. Students on Probation will not be
granted an incomplete.
Exceptions to policy are determined by the Dean of the Graduate School.
Week 8 Written Assignment
Week 8 Assignment — Parts I-IV: Data-Based Improvement Project
During Week 8, you will submit sections I-IV of your capstone project for a final assessment.
Assignment Directions
Page 6
Utilize the feedback you received from your professor and the Writing Studio to prepare your final draft.
Please submit the following parts together in a one document:

the description of the problem/field and data plan from Week 2
the literature review from Week 3
the data analysis from Week 5
the improvement plan from Weeks 6 and 7
the appendix that includes the data set you utilized
Page Requirements
Will vary depending on details/length of the plan (25-35 pages).
This assignment should list all the quality references (e.g., .org, .edu, peer-reviewed journals, etc.) that
you used in each step of your plan. You will need your APA manual for this assignment.
Grading Criteria
This assignment comprises 20% of your grade.
Saving the Assignment
Please submit/attach this assignment in MS Word as LastNameWeek#Course# (e.g., Davis Week 8
Due Date
Please submit this assignment in the Blackboard dropbox by Thursday midnight.
Week 8 Assignment- Action Research Chapters 1-3
The purpose of this assignment is to officially submit your revised Chapters 1-3 (the proposal).
Assignment Directions
Utilize any feedback provided, and anything you needed to finish, and submit the following parts together
in one single document:

Title page
Table of contents
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Appendices (including your survey or interview questions, emails to participants, intervention
Page Requirements
Will vary depending on details/length of each chapter and type of study.
Page 7
This assignment should list all the quality references (e.g., .org, .edu, peer-reviewed journals, etc.) that
you used in each step of your research. You will need your APA manual for this assignment.
Grading Criteria
This assignment is worth 20% of your grade.
Saving the Assignment
Please submit/attach this assignment in MS Word as LastNameResearchWeek#Course# (e.g., Davis
Research Week 8 RSM551).
Due Date
Please submit this assignment in the Blackboard dropbox by Thursday 11:59pmEST.
Submit by Thursday.
Week 8 Written Action Research Assignment Rubric
Quality of Content (80 Points)
/5: Draft abstract summarizing the study is created in under 150 words.
/20: Chapter 1 offers an introduction to the problem and research questions
/20: Chapter 2 demonstrates the formation of a literature review
/20: Chapter 3 presents a methodology to adequately collect data
/15: Reference page and Appendices
Quality of Writing (20 Points)
/ 5: Format – Text meets APA/MSE standards.
/ 5: Organization – Organization of paper demonstrates critical thinking. (Paper contains
cover page, introduction, conclusion, headings, and effective transitions).
/ 5: Precision – Student uses terminology and writes clearly and concisely.
/ 5: Mechanics – Student spells, constructs sentences, and punctuates correctly.
Page 8

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