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my topic is on what duties the coaches and leagues owe to the athletes to prevent some sort of injury during play or practice (Duty of care) draft showing the link between your topic and the information, theories, and material 12-15 pages Useneed the sample paper for help.. I have included my work to help with the paper..   cases to support needs to be their own section/ research questions with support/rationale/ talk about duty of care and negligence on how it affects my topic. 

William Tanda

Southern New Hampshire University

Final Project

Initial Topic Proposal

My topic proposal for this project would involve negligence more specifically, what

duty do coaches owe to athletes to prevent injuries?

Research Questions and References

Throughout this course we have covered various topics within the realm of Sport Law.

Covering topics such as Constitutional Protections within sports, Contract Law, learning the

difference between “sports law” and “sports and the law”, to Legal Entities within sport, this

course has given me everything I need to be well versed in Sport Law. One topic that we

covered, that I chose to be the basis of my final project topic, is Negligence. Negligence,

according to LII Staff (2017) is “A failure to behave with the level of care that someone of

ordinary prudence would have exercised under the same circumstances. The behavior usually

consists of actions, but can also consist of omissions when there is some duty to act (e.g., a duty

to help victims of one’s previous conduct).

Research Summary

I chose negligence because it is an issue that is prevalent within high school and

collegiate athletics. It is also prevalent in recreational sports, which we’ve seen through case

briefs we were assigned this term. In module 2, we reviewed and brief the case of Allen v.

Dover Co-recreational Softball League, 148 N.H. 407 (2002). This case was about an individual

who was hit in the head by a softball and cited that the individual responsible acted negligently

when throwing a softball during warmups without any indication. Although my topic is

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somewhat centered around hazing, this case is relevant because often times individuals know the

rules of leagues or clubs, but do not always follow them to the letter. We’ve all been guilty of

bending the rules here and there, but when it results in the injury of someone else, it then

becomes a problem. We covered a similar case in module 1, Savino v. Robertson, 652 N.E. 2d

1240 811 (Ill. App. Ct. 1995). The plaintiff in this case was hit in the eye with a hockey puck

which resulted in an injury. This case differs from the case module 2 because this incident that

resulted in an injury happened while


Research Summary


Research Summary

Milestone 3

Will Hoekwater
Southern New Hampshire University
SPT-610 Sport Law
Dr. Brad Winton

The problem of athlete safety and the avoidance of injuries is an important one that needs to be addressed by leagues and coaches. Athletes are entrusted to the care of their respective leagues and coaches, who have a responsibility to act in their best interests and take all precautions necessary to protect them during competition and training (Cascella et al, 2020). Inadequate adherence to this duty of care might result in major injuries, which may lead to significant legal repercussions for the concerned coach or league.

The lawsuit that was filed against the Dover Co-Recreational Softball League shed light on how important it is for coaches and leagues to take responsibility for the safety of their players. The plaintiff in this case was a softball player who was seriously hurt when a fellow teammate ran into her as they were both going for a fly ball (Cutuk, A., & Groff, 2021). The other player was trying to grab the ball. The plaintiff asserted that the league was accountable for her injuries because it failed to provide proper warnings or instructions on how to prevent accidents on the field. She claimed that this failure made the league responsible for her injury. In the end, the court concluded that the league had violated its duty of care owed to the plaintiff and was, as a result, responsible for the damages she sustained as a result.

In a similar vein, the case Home v. North Kitsap School District highlights how essential it is to have enough supervision while sports activities are taking place. A high school football player in this case sustained a significant head injury while practicing, and he subsequently filed a lawsuit against the school district, claiming that the district had failed to take necessary measures to prevent him from suffering the damage (Emery, 2021). The judge ruled that the school system had violated its duty of care owed to the plaintiff because it did not offer sufficient supervision or appropriate safety equipment when the student was participating in practice.

The duty of care that coaches and leagues owe to players is illuminated by several crucial aspects that are brought to light by these cases. The first and most important action that must be taken is for coaches and leagues to take adequate precautions in order to detect and reduce the potential risks that their athletes face (Roberts, Briskin & Marshall, 2021). This may involve providing suitable safety equipment, enacting rules, and regulations to prevent accidents or other potentially harmful behaviors and ensuring that athletes receive appropri

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